Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

From the Extreme to the Mean: Acceleration and Tipping Points of Coastal Inundation from Sea Level Rise

Categories: Climate Change,Statistics,Weather/Disasters

 http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2014/20141218_sealevelrise.html

Predicts that sea level rise from global warming will threaten a majority of U.S. coastal areas with 30 or more days of flooding each year by 2050.  Lists coastal cities such as Norfolk and Washington and when they will surpass the tipping point for flooding.  Press release with links to text of article in academic journal.  From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

 

Enforcement Annual Results for Fiscal Year (FY) 2014

Categories: Crime/Justice,Environment,Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology

http://www2.epa.gov/enforcement/enforcement-annual-results-fiscal-year-fy-2014

 

Claims $163 million was collected in civil and criminal penalties from environmental law violations, and $9.7 billion was invested by companies in actions and equipment purchases to control pollution and clean up contaminated sites.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

2012 Census of Governments: Finance—State and Local Government Summary Report

Categories: Federal State Relations,Financial Crisis/Markets,Govt Finance,Statistics,Taxes

http://www2.census.gov/govs/local/summary_report.pdf

Presents data on state and local government finances including revenue by source, expenditures by character and function, indebtedness by term, and cash and security holdings by purpose.  Leading causes for revenue declines were falling interest income and declines in value of employee retirement investments.  From the Census Bureau

 

State and Local Government Spending Grows Faster Than Revenue

Categories: Govt Finance,Statistics,Taxes

http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-227.html

Press release on state and local government revenue and spending trends from 2007 to 2012 with links to more detailed data.  From the Census Bureau

 

Recommendations of the Presidential Task Force on Combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and Seafood Fraud

Categories: Consumer Info/Protection,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources

https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2014/12/18/2014-29628/recommendations-of-the-presidential-task-force-on-combating-illegal-unreported-and-unregulated

Offers recommendations that aim to aid legitimate fishermen, increase consumer confidence in the sustainability of seafood sold in the U.S., and ensure the vitality of marine stocks.  From the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Federal Register

 

Taxing Capital Income: Effective Marginal Tax Rates Under 2014 Law and Selected Policy Options

Categories: Business/Economics,Financial Crisis/Markets,Taxes

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49817-Taxing_Capital_Income_0.pdf

Examines the relationship between “tax rates on capital income” and “before-tax rates of return on investments” and how differences can reduce economic efficiency.  Also looks at the implications of proposed policy options for the taxation of capital income.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

CBO’s 2014 Long-Term Projections for Social Security: Additional Information

Categories: Disability,Govt Finance,Retirement/Social Security,Welfare/Social Services

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49795-Social_Security_Update.pdf

Modifies projections for Social Security that were originally published in July 2014 within the publication entitled The 2014 Long-Term  Budget Outlook.  Projects that under current law the Disability Insurance Trust Fund will be exhausted in FY2017 and the OASI Trust Fund in 2032.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

Special Prosecutors: Investigations and Prosecutions of Police Use of Deadly Force

Categories: African Americans,Crime/Justice,Federal State Relations,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/specpro.pdf

Considers the need for and process by which special prosecutors would be brought into play to carry out investigations of police use of deadly force and whether such incidents should involve federal authorities.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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