Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Seat Belt Use in 2016: Overall Results

Categories: Laws/Regulations,Statistics,Traffic Accidents,Transportation

https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812351

Seat belt use reached 90.1% in 2016, up from 88.5% in 2015.  Also provides data on seat belt use by major characteristics such as types of vehicles, regions of country, urban/rural areas, time of travel, strength of enforcement laws, and more.  From the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

 

The Sharing Economy: Issues Facing Platforms, Participants, and Regulators: An FTC Staff Report

Categories: Business/Economics,Consumer Info/Protection,Laws/Regulations,Transportation

https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/reports/sharing-economy-issues-facing-platforms-participants-regulators-federal-trade-commission-staff/p151200_ftc_staff_report_on_the_sharing_economy.pdf

Describes how disruptive innovation has been transforming the for-hire transportation and short-term lodging industries and the benefits/problems caused by such disruption. This document reports on the ideas and issues covered at a June 2015 workshop.  From the Federal Trade Commission

 

Renewable Fuel Standard: Program Unlikely to Meet Its Targets for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Categories: Climate Change,Energy,Environment,Transportation

http://www.gao.gov/assets/690/681252.pdf

The Renewable Fuel Standards program mandates that domestic transportation fuels be blended with increasing volumes of biofuels through 2022 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and expand the renewable fuels sector.  This report casts doubt on whether the RFS will meet its goals due to limited production of advanced biofuels. From the Government Accountability Office

 

The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

Categories: Homeland Security,Terrorism,Transportation

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/R44678.pdf

Describes how the federal government develops and uses the Terrorist Screening Database to identify known or suspected terrorists and prevent them from boarding planes which fly in or over U.S. airspace. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Cybersecurity Best Practices for Modern Vehicles

Categories: Consumer Info/Protection,Manufacturing,Science/Technology,Transportation

http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nvs/pdf/812333_CybersecurityForModernVehicles.pdf

Offers nonbinding guidance to automakers on how to protect motor vehicles from malicious cyber-attacks and unauthorized access.  From the Department of Transportation

 

Volumes, Speeds, and Congestion on Major Roadways in Hampton Roads

Categories: Statistics,Transportation,Virginia Issues

http://hrtpo.org/uploads/docs/110216TTAC-E9-CMP%20Volumes%20and%20Speeds%202015%20Draft%20Report.pdf

Offers tables showing 2010 to 2015 data for weekday average traffic volume, speed, and congestion levels on segments of major roads by Hampton Roads jurisdictions.  From the Hampton Roads Transportation Planning Organization

 

U.S. Department of Transportation Announces Enhanced Protections for Air Travelers, Actions to Promote Airline Competition

Categories: Consumer Info/Protection,Laws/Regulations,Transportation

https://www.transportation.gov/briefing-room/us-department-transportation-announces-enhanced-protections-air-travelers-actions

Announces executive actions to provide refunds for baggage delays, more accurate on-time performance information, and more transparency in booking flights with online travel services.  From the U.S. Department of Transportation

 

Creating Age-Friendly Cities

Categories: Elderly,Environment,Great Britain,Housing/Homelessness,Science/Technology,Transportation,Urban Issues

http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/POST-PN-0539/POST-PN-0539.pdf

By 2050 89% of the UK’s population will live in cities and 24% will be over 65.  This report examines how housing, outdoor spaces, and transportation can be made more age-friendly.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

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