Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Approaches to Making Federal Highway Spending More Productive

Categories: Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,Public Works,Taxes,Transportation

Federal spending on highways totaled $46 billion in 2014. This report looks at proposals for making such spending more efficient, including charging more directly for the use of roads, especially during congested times, allocating funds to states according to certain benefits and costs, and linking spending to performance measures. From the Congressional Budget Office


Private Health Insurance Premiums and Federal Policy

Categories: Govt Finance,Health Insurance,Health/Medical,Laws/Regulations,Taxes

Estimates that health insurance premiums in the private market will increase by 60% from 2016 to 2025.   This report reviews the available evidence about premium levels and growth, analyzes the major federal subsidies, taxes, fees, and regulations that affect premiums, and examines how insurers’ actions affect premiums. From the Congressional Budget Office


The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Economic Analysis

Categories: Govt Finance,Income/Poverty,Taxes,Welfare/Social Services

The EITC, enacted nearly 40 years ago, has evolved from a modest tax benefit to a significant antipoverty program. This report reviews the economic research that has been done on the EITC as Congress considers whether to modify it. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Virginia Compared to the Other States. 2016 Edition

Annual guide prepared for legislators which compares Virginia with other states in such areas as education, health, taxes and spending, and transportation. Also offers a snapshot of trends compared to the previous year. From the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission


Income Taxes on Social Security Benefits

Categories: Retirement/Social Security,Statistics,Taxes

Presents modeling projections of the percentage of Social Security recipient families (56%) that will owe federal income tax on their benefits as well as the proportion of benefit income they will owe as income tax in selected years from 2015 to 2050. From the Social Security Administration


How CBO Estimates the Effects of the Affordable Care Act on the Labor Market

Categories: Health Insurance,Labor/Employment,Laws/Regulations,Taxes

Estimates that the U.S. labor force will be about 2 millionfull-time-equivalent workers smaller in 2025 under the Affordable Care Act than it would have been otherwise, primarily due to the phasing out of health insurance subsidies as people’s income rises. From the Congressional Budget Office


College and University Endowments: Overview and Tax Policy Options

Categories: Education-Higher,Govt Finance,Taxes

Examines the size of higher education institution endowments, their favored tax treatment, and various options for changing the tax treatment. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Federal Support for the Development, Production, and Use of Fuels and Energy Technologies

Categories: Energy,Govt Finance,Science/Technology,Taxes

Describes how and why the federal government supports the development, production, and use of fuel and energy technologies through tax preferences and spending programs. Also describes how federal support has changed over time and analyzes its effectiveness. From the Congressional Budget Office


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