Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

U.S. Climate Change Regulation and Litigation: Selected Legal Issues

Categories: Climate Change,Congress,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44807.pdf

Offers a brief history of U.S. climate change regulations, reviews litigation over GHGs, examines other litigation related to climate change issues, and assesses the implications for Congress.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Cooper v Harris

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-1262

5-3 decision of the Supreme Court that North Carolina used racial factors in an unconstitutional manner in drawing two Congressional districts after the 2010 Census.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

Moore v. Texas

Categories: Crime/Justice,Disability,Laws/Regulations,Mental Health,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-797

5-3 Supreme Court ruling that Texas used unconstitutional standards in determining that a death row inmate was not intellectually disabled.  The court had previously ruled in a Virginia case (Atkins v. Virginia) that executing the “mentally retarded” violated the Constitution’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.  That decision left it up to states to determine their own guidelines for intellectual disability.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

Congressional Redistricting Law: Background and Recent Court Rulings

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Federal State Relations,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44798.pdf

Analyzes key Supreme Court   and lower court decisions on (1) the constitutional requirement of population equality among districts, (2) the intersection between the Voting Rights Act and the Equal Protection Clause, (3) the issue of partisan gerrymandering, and (4) the constitutionality of state ballot initiatives which call for redistricting by independent commissions.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

NLRB v. SW General Inc

Categories: Headlines,Labor/Employment,Presidency,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-1251

6-2 Supreme Court ruling that limits the president’s power to fill vacant government positions when nominations are delayed by partisan political fights.  The case involved an acting  general consul who served for over three years on the National Labor Relations Board without winning Senate approval.  The case was brought by an Arizona ambulance company accused of unfair labor practices.  From the Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute

 

Judicial Business 2016

Categories: Supreme Court/courts

http://www.uscourts.gov/statistics-reports/judicial-business-2016

Presents statistics on the work of the federal judiciary over the past year, compares data for this year with prior years, and explains reasons for increases or decreases in caseloads.  From the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

 

Gloucester County School Board v. G.G, By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Education,Headlines,Sex Issues,Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

https://www.supremecourt.gov/search.aspx?filename=/docketfiles/16-273.htm

Docket for the case involving a transgender youth from Virginia. Includes 3/6/17 decision of Supreme Court to remand the case to the lower court, following issuance of new guidance from the Departments of Education and Justice. At issue is whether federal laws forbidding sex discrimination in education also cover issues of gender identity.  From the Supreme Court

 

Pena-Rodriquez v. Colorado

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Crime/Justice,Headlines,Hispanics,Sex Issues,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-606

5-3 decision of the Supreme Court reversed the conviction of a defendant charged with sexual misdemeanors when it was learned a juror had uttered racially-biased anti-Hispanic comments in the jury room.  The case pitted concerns about racial bias against the premise that jury deliberations should be confidential.  From the Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute

 

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