Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Birthright Citizenship and Children Born in the United States to Alien Parents: An Overview of the Legal Debate

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Immigration/Migration,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Traces the historical development of the concept of citizenship by birth in the U.S., litigation involving the citizenship clause over the years, and the two modern competing interpretations of the Citizenship Clause. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Police Use of Force: Rules, Remedies, and Reforms

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Crime/Justice,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Examines the question of what are the proper limits of the use of force by police officers. Covers the rules governing use of force, remedies for use of force, and recent legislative proposals for reform. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Federal Sentencing Disparity: 2005-2012

Categories: Crime/Justice,Statistics,Supreme Court/courts

Examines patterns of federal sentencing disparity among white and black offenders, by sentence received, and looks at judicial variation in sentencing since Booker v. United States, regardless of race. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics


Congressional Redistricting: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Examines how redistricting disputes have become a matter for judicial interpretation since the landmark Baker v. Carr decision of 1962. Also considers six current legal issues relating to redistricting. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Sharpe Holdings v. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Categories: Health Insurance,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Decision of a panel of judges on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals that, unlike several previous Appellate Court decisions, affirms a District Court opinion that blocks the federal government from enforcing the contraceptive care provisions of the Affordable Care Act, and sends the issue back to the Supreme Court. A Christian organization, CNS International Ministries, objected to providing such coverage for employees. From


Letter of Carlos Hopkins, Counsel to the Governor to Virginia Legislative Leaders on the Appointment of Jane Roush to the Supreme Court of Virginia.

Categories: Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

Presents the views of the Governor on when the state constitution says the legislature is in session and when not. Legislative leaders contend the General Assembly is still in session, because the House of Delegates did not formally adjourn.   From the Office of the Governor


Criminal Appeals in State Courts

Categories: Crime/Justice,Statistics,Supreme Court/courts

Reports that nearly 70,000 criminal appeals were resolved in the 143 appellate courts in 2010. Provides characteristics of the cases including reversal rates. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics


Barack Obama v. Larry Klayman

Categories: Govt Secrecy,Headlines,Homeland Security,Privacy,Spying/Intelligence,Supreme Court/courts$file/14-5004-1570210.pdf

Federal appeals court decision overturning a District Court case which had blocked the National Security Agency from gathering phone information on U.S. citizens.  The judge ruled that the conservative activist lacked standing to sue the agency, because he lacked evidence that records involving his calls had been collected.  From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia


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