Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Legal Processes for Contesting the Results of a Presidential Election

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Presidency,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44659.pdf

Discusses the nature of U.S. presidential elections, the kinds of complaints that might be raised about voting fraud or misconduct by election officials, and the legal recourses available to complainants. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

Categories: Financial Crisis/Markets,Govt Processes/Organization,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/AAC6BFFC4C42614C852580490053C38B/$file/15-1177-1640101.pdf

Circuit court decision by a divided three judge panel that calls into question the constitutionality of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.   At issue is whether the CFPB, as an independent federal agency, can be constitutional if headed by a single person rather than a multi-member commission.  PHH, a mortgage lender, had objected to enforcement actions of the CFPB.  From the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

 

Census of Problem-Solving Courts, 2012

Categories: Alcohol/Drug Abuse,Marriage/Family,Mental Health,Supreme Court/courts,Youth

http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpsc12.pdf

Describes type, location, and characteristics of all problem-solving courts, such as drug, mental health, family, youth, DWI, domestic violence and other specialty courts.  Covers such topics as funding sources, points of entry, services, and benefits to participants.  From the Bureau of Justice Statistics

 

Evolution of the Meaning of “Waters of the United States” in the Clean Water Act

Categories: Environment,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44585.pdf

Examines how widely to interpret the phrase “Waters of the U.S.” which has no clear definition in the Clean Water Act.  The Commerce Clause is cited as the constitutional basis for regulating water quality, but recent court decisions have cited limitations to that authority.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

North Carolina State Conference of the NAACP et al v. Patrick L. McCrory et al.

http://www.ca4.uscourts.gov/Opinions/Published/161468.P.pdf

Court ruling that North Carolina’s legislation requiring voter photo IDs and curtailing certain election practices such as same-day registration and early voting discriminates against minority citizens.  Argues that the legislation, crafted after the Supreme Court’s Shelby decision, restricts voting and registration in five ways which “disproportionately affected African Americans.”  One of a series of recent court decisions overturning restrictive election laws.  From the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

 

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: From the Mid-1990s to the Present

Categories: Federal State Relations,Immigration/Migration,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43839.pdf

Reviews the history of litigation between various states and the federal government over immigration and the exclusion or removal of unauthorized aliens.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

William J. Howell et al v. Terence McAuliffe et al.

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Crime/Justice,Elections/Campaigns,Headlines,Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

http://www.courts.state.va.us/opinions/opnscvwp/1160784.pdf

4-3 ruling of the Virginia Supreme Court that Governor McAuliffe exceeded his constitutional authority in restoring civil rights to convicted felons who had served their time.  At issue was whether the governor had the power to restore rights prior to the fall election to all those meeting the requirements en masse or had to individually review and approve each individual case. From the Supreme Court of Virginia

 

United States of America … v. Aetna, Inc. and Humana Inc.

Categories: Antitrust/Monopoly,Headlines,Health Insurance,Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/877881/download

Text of the law suit filed by the Justice Department and eleven states including Virginia against the proposed merger of Aetna and Humana, the third and fifth largest health insurers in the U.S.  From the Justice Department

 

Next Page »