Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Congressional Redistricting: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Examines how redistricting disputes have become a matter for judicial interpretation since the landmark Baker v. Carr decision of 1962. Also considers six current legal issues relating to redistricting. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Sharpe Holdings v. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Categories: Health Insurance,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Decision of a panel of judges on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals that, unlike several previous Appellate Court decisions, affirms a District Court opinion that blocks the federal government from enforcing the contraceptive care provisions of the Affordable Care Act, and sends the issue back to the Supreme Court. A Christian organization, CNS International Ministries, objected to providing such coverage for employees. From


Letter of Carlos Hopkins, Counsel to the Governor to Virginia Legislative Leaders on the Appointment of Jane Roush to the Supreme Court of Virginia.

Categories: Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

Presents the views of the Governor on when the state constitution says the legislature is in session and when not. Legislative leaders contend the General Assembly is still in session, because the House of Delegates did not formally adjourn.   From the Office of the Governor


Criminal Appeals in State Courts

Categories: Crime/Justice,Statistics,Supreme Court/courts

Reports that nearly 70,000 criminal appeals were resolved in the 143 appellate courts in 2010. Provides characteristics of the cases including reversal rates. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics


Barack Obama v. Larry Klayman

Categories: Govt Secrecy,Headlines,Homeland Security,Privacy,Spying/Intelligence,Supreme Court/courts$file/14-5004-1570210.pdf

Federal appeals court decision overturning a District Court case which had blocked the National Security Agency from gathering phone information on U.S. citizens.  The judge ruled that the conservative activist lacked standing to sue the agency, because he lacked evidence that records involving his calls had been collected.  From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia


Obergefell v. Hodges: Same-Sex Marriage Legalized

Categories: Laws/Regulations,Marriage/Family,Sex Issues,Supreme Court/courts

Analyzes the Supreme Court decision that requires states to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples and to recognize such marriages that were formed in other states.  Also explores related questions that were raised by the decision.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


American Farm Bureau Federation et al v. United States Environmental Protection Agency

Categories: Chesapeake Bay,Environment,Natural Resources,Supreme Court/courts

Decision of a three judge panel of the 3rd District Court of Appeals affirming the district court opinion that preserves the EPA’s Total Maximum Daily Load approach to cleaning the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.  Farm and home builder organizations had opposed the plan which requires non-point sources of pollution to share responsibility for cleanup with point sources.  From Justia.


United States of America v. Robert F. McDonnell

Categories: Crime/Justice,Govt/Business Scandals,Headlines,Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

Decision of a three judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit which affirmed the public corruption conviction of former Virginia governor Robert McDonnell.  McDonnell was convicted and sentenced to a two year prison term.  From Justia


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