Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

G.G. by his Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Education,Headlines,Sex Issues,Supreme Court/courts

Decision of federal appeals court in Richmond that a transgender high school student in Gloucester County can sue the school board for a violation of his constitutional rights.  School board policy required students to use the bathroom of their biological sex rather than gender identity.  The court agreed with the U.S. Department of Education that the policy violated the law prohibiting sex discrimination in schools receiving federal funding.  From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit


Bank Markazi v. Peterson

Categories: Congress,Headlines,Iran,Supreme Court/courts,Terrorism

6-2 decision of the Supreme Court on a separation of powers issue that clears the way for American nationals to receive money damages in U.S. courts from state sponsors of terrorism.  Relatives of victims of the 1983 bombing of a Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, blamed on Iran, sought access to frozen Iranian assets in U.S. banks.  At issue was whether Congress had usurped the judicial role by passing legislation relating to a pending case. From the Legal Information Institute of Cornell University


Supreme Court Vacancies That Arose During One Presidency and Were Filled During a Different Presidency

Categories: Congress,Govt Processes/Organization,Presidency,Supreme Court/courts

Provides data and analysis on seven instances where Supreme Court vacancies arose during one presidency and were filled during another.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Supreme Court Vacancies: Frequently Asked Questions

Categories: Congress,Govt Processes/Organization,Presidency,Supreme Court/courts

Provides answers to frequently asked questions about the procedure to fill Supreme Court vacancies including the constitutional role of the President and Senate, whether and when the President and the Senate must act, and how the Supreme Court functions with a vacant seat.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists


Cambridge University Press et al v. Georgia State University

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Education-Higher,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

Ruling of the Federal District Court for the Northern District of Georgia on the publisher lawsuit against Georgia State University over alleged copyright infringement relating to e-reserves.  Finds that 41 of the 48 cases were non-infringing fair uses.  From the Association of Research Libraries


Consent Decree Among Defendant BP Exploration and Production, the United States of America, and the States of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas

Categories: Crime/Justice,Energy,Environment,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

Text of consent decree issued in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana which ends the six year saga of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and imposes the largest environmental penalty of all time on BP Energy.  From the Justice Department


Evenwel v. Abbott

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Headlines,Population/Census,Supreme Court/courts

Unanimous Supreme Court decision that states may apportion districts by total population.  A conservative group in Texas sought to have the one-person, one-vote principle of the 1962 Baker v. Carr decision interpreted as including only persons eligible to vote.  From the Legal Information Institute of Cornell University


Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Headlines,Labor Unions,Labor/Employment,Supreme Court/courts

Brief announcement of a 4-4 deadlock of the Supreme Court.  The case involved a claim by anti-union teachers in California that their free speech rights were violated by having to pay union dues.  The deadlock preserves the lower court decision that upheld a 1977 Supreme Court opinion that unions could collect fees from members and nonmembers who benefited from collective bargaining activities.  From the Supreme Court


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