Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Foster v. Chatman

Categories: Crime/Justice,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-8349

7-1 decision of the Supreme Court which overturned the murder conviction of Timothy Foster because prosecutors kept black candidates off the jury through improper means.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

Zubik v. Burwell

Categories: Headlines,Health Insurance,Laws/Regulations,Religion/Ethics,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-1418

Compromise decision that employees of certain nonprofits could receive contraceptive coverage with their health insurance plans without burdening the employers’ exercise of religion. The church organizations had objected to provisions of federal law that required them to submit petitions expressing their opposition to providing contraceptive coverage. The cases return to the Appeals Courts to resolve any outstanding issues.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

Wittman v. Personhuballah

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts,Virginia Issues

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-1504

Unanimous Supreme Court decision which dismissed the Republican Congressmen’s appeal due to their lack of standing and affirmed the District Court decision that the original redistricting plan was unconstitutional.  None of the three Representatives appealing the lower court decision resided in or represented Congressional District 3. From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

What, If Anything, Has Judge Garland Said About the Second Amendment and Guns?

Categories: Guns,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/garland-guns.pdf

Looks at past opinions of Judge Garland to attempt to determine his views on the Second Amendment and the regulation of firearms. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Majority, Concurring, and Dissenting Opinions Authored by Judge Merrick Garland

Categories: Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44484.pdf

Identifies and briefly describes judicial opinions authored by Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland.  Includes concurring and dissenting opinions in a table format.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

G.G. by his Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Education,Headlines,Sex Issues,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.ca4.uscourts.gov/Opinions/Published/152056.P.pdf

Decision of federal appeals court in Richmond that a transgender high school student in Gloucester County can sue the school board for a violation of his constitutional rights.  School board policy required students to use the bathroom of their biological sex rather than gender identity.  The court agreed with the U.S. Department of Education that the policy violated the law prohibiting sex discrimination in schools receiving federal funding.  From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit

 

Bank Markazi v. Peterson

Categories: Congress,Headlines,Iran,Supreme Court/courts,Terrorism

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-770

6-2 decision of the Supreme Court on a separation of powers issue that clears the way for American nationals to receive money damages in U.S. courts from state sponsors of terrorism.  Relatives of victims of the 1983 bombing of a Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, blamed on Iran, sought access to frozen Iranian assets in U.S. banks.  At issue was whether Congress had usurped the judicial role by passing legislation relating to a pending case. From the Legal Information Institute of Cornell University

 

Supreme Court Vacancies That Arose During One Presidency and Were Filled During a Different Presidency

Categories: Congress,Govt Processes/Organization,Presidency,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/IN10469.pdf

Provides data and analysis on seven instances where Supreme Court vacancies arose during one presidency and were filled during another.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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