Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Army Researchers Develop Cargo Pocket ISR

Categories: Defense/Military,Science/Technology,Spying/Intelligence

http://www.army.mil/article/130189/Army_researchers_develop_Cargo_Pocket_ISR/

Describes the development of pocket-sized aerial surveillance devices, part of an Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Program, that, like tiny drones, can provide video surveillance of threat areas.  From the U.S. Army

 

Big Data and Public Health

Categories: Great Britain,Health/Medical,Science/Technology,Telecommunications/Internet

http://www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/POST-PN-474.pdf

Examines the current and potential uses for big data in health improvement and the legal and practical issues raised by data use for public health or research purposes.  One of a series of Big Data studies released by this organization. From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Extramural R&D Funding by U.S.-Located Businesses Nears $30 Billion in 2011

Categories: Business/Economics,Health/Medical,Manufacturing,Science/Technology,Statistics,Transportation

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf14314/nsf14314.pdf

Reports on the spending by U.S. corporations for research and development performed by other entities both domestic and foreign.  Also reports on the type or category of industries that spent the most on extramural R&D, with pharmaceuticals and transportation equipment manufacturing leading the list.  From the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics of the National Science Foundation

 

Chirp Seismic-Reflection Data from the Baltimore, Washington, and Norfolk Canyons, U.S. Mid-Atlantic Margin

Categories: Defense/Military,Geology/Mining,Science/Technology,Virginia Issues

http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2014/1118/ofr2014-1118-title_page.html

Part of a larger project to investigate mid-Atlantic margin Holocene geological activity and assess the area’s potential to generate submarine geohazards.  From the U.S. Geological Survey

 

“Black Boxes” in Passenger Vehicles: Policy Issues

Categories: Laws/Regulations,Privacy,Science/Technology,Traffic Accidents,Transportation

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43651.pdf

Explains what event data recorders are, government mandates that EDRs be included in vehicles, and controversies relating to their use.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Soldiers, Spies and the Moon: Secret U.S. and Soviet Plans from the 1950s and 1960s

Categories: Defense/Military,History,Russia,Science/Technology,Spying/Intelligence

http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB479/

A set of 16 declassified documents about previously secret American and Soviet plans for using space for military purposes.  From the National Security Archive

 

Smart Metering of Energy and Water

Categories: Energy,Great Britain,Science/Technology

http://www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/POST-PN-471.pdf

The British government plans to distribute smart meters for electricity and gas to all households in Britain by the end of 2020.  This note examines the potential benefits and risks associated with smart metering of both water and energy and the challenges for the roll-out.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Big Data in Business

Categories: Business/Economics,Great Britain,Laws/Regulations,Privacy,Science/Technology

http://www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/POST-PN-469.pdf

Examines the range of applications of big data by UK companies, highlighting the opportunities offered to a number of sectors.  Also considers the challenges faced by such businesses.  One of a series of reports by sector. From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

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