Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Connectome Map More Than Doubles Human Cortex’s Known Regions

Categories: Headlines,Health/Medical,Mental Health,Science/Technology

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2016/connectome-map-more-than-doubles-human-cortexs-known-regions.shtml

Press release about the mapping of 180 distinct areas in the brain’s cortex.  Includes a brief description of the research and a citation to the article in the issue of Nature where the research was fully reported.  From the National Institute of Mental Health

 

Student Self-Assessment of Math and Science Ability in High School

Categories: Education,Mathematics,Science/Technology,Sudan

http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2016/2016164.pdf

Presents student self-assessments of their ability to do science and math work at two points (9th and 11th grades) in their high school careers.  Results are presented by sex.  From the National Center for Education Statistics

 

Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Categories: Climate Change,Environment,Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology,Waste Management

https://www3.epa.gov/ttn/atw/landfill/landfills-nsps-2060-am08-final-signature.pdf

Text of final rules designed to reduce emissions of methane gas from municipal solid waste landfills.  The agency expects the rules to reduce methane emissions by 334,000 tons per year beginning in 2025.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

EPA Issues Final Actions to Cut Methane Emissions from Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Categories: Climate Change,Environment,Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology,Waste Management

https://www.epa.gov/newsreleases/epa-issues-final-actions-cut-methane-emissions-municipal-solid-waste-landfills

Agency press release explaining the nature and purpose of new regulations relating to reduction of methane gas emissions from municipal solid waste landfills.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

Intelligent Transportation Systems: Urban and Rural Transit Providers Reported Benefits but Face Deployment Challenges

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Science/Technology,Transportation,Urban Issues

http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/677919.pdf

Describes the extent of use of ITS by transit providers in large urbanized areas, the ITS uptake in small urban and rural areas, the benefits and challenges of deploying ITS, and the extent to which Transportation Department resources have been used to promote and support ITS.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

Trends in the Relationship Between U.S. Academic Scientific Publication Output and Funding and Personnel Inputs: 1988-2011

Categories: Govt Finance,Science/Technology,Statistics

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2016/ncses16200/ncses16200.pdf

A working paper which compares rapid funding increases for academic R&D in the period of coverage to 2005 with slower growth in the number of U.S. trained academic researchers and the number of annual academic sector publications.  From the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics of the National Science Foundation

 

A Patent/Innovation Box as a Tax Incentive for Domestic Research and Development

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Science/Technology,Taxes

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44522.pdf

Describes current tax incentives for research, the reason for subsidizing research and development, and the potential effects upon innovation of patent/innovation boxes.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

The Macroeconomic and Budgetary Effects of Federal Investment

Categories: Business/Economics,Education,Govt Finance,Public Works,Science/Technology,Transportation

https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/114th-congress-2015-2016/reports/51628-Federal_Investment.pdf

This report explains how congressional financial scorekeepers, when analyzing proposals that would change the amount of federal investment in areas such as basic infrastructure or education or R&D, determine their effects on the economy and on the federal budget.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

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