Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

New Drugs for Dementia

Categories: Elderly,Great Britain,Health/Medical,Science/Technology

http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/POST-PN-0535/POST-PN-0535.pdf

Provides an overview of dementia, current treatments, and potential new drugs.  Also examines the challenges in developing new drugs and ensuring patient access.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Automation and the Workforce

Categories: Great Britain,Labor/Employment,Science/Technology

http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/POST-PN-0534/POST-PN-0534.pdf

Automation technologies can reduce costs and raise productivity but also threaten jobs.  This note provides a British overview of how these technologies are being used and their implications for employment, skills, education and inequality in the coming decades.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Federal Railroad Administration Status Update on Positive Train Control Implementation

Categories: Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology,Transportation

http://www.fra.dot.gov/Elib/Document/16634

Describes the importance of positive train control as a safety feature, the growing calls for implementing such a system over the past 40 years, and the current status of each railroad’s progress towards implementing a PTC system.

 

PubSpace

Categories: Govt Information,Science/Technology

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/funder/nasa/

New full text, online archive of journal articles from NASA-funded research.  The material will be freely available at this site one year after publication in the peer-reviewed journal.  From the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

 

Occupations in Information Technology

Categories: Careers,Labor/Employment,Science/Technology,Statistics

http://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/acs/acs-35.pdf

Explores the history of IT occupations between 1970 and 2014, focusing on the growth and evolution of such work.  Also provides a detailed description of demographic and employment characteristics of workers in 12 IT occupations in 2014.  From the Census Bureau

 

Electronic Cigarettes

Categories: Consumer Info/Protection,Great Britain,Science/Technology,Smoking/Tobacco

http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/POST-PN-0533/POST-PN-0533.pdf

Estimates that nearly 3 million people in the United Kingdom smoke e-cigarettes.  Summarizes the latest data on the scale of use, safety and quality of e-cigarettes, and their value as a stop-smoking tool.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Procedures for Approving Direct Action Against Terrorist Targets Located Outside the United States and Areas of Active Hostilities

Categories: Defense/Military,Headlines,Presidency,Science/Technology,Terrorism

https://www.justice.gov/oip/foia-library/procedures_for_approving_direct_action_against_terrorist_targets/download

18 page document dating from 2013, declassified under court order in August 2016, that sets out the role of the president in approving the use of drones or other weapons to target terrorist suspects overseas.  The guidelines also provide rules for targeting U.S. citizens abroad, guidance on what to do with captured terrorist suspects, and a preference for capture options over lethal action against terrorists.  From the Justice Department’s Office of Information Policy FOIA Library

 

Regulation of Drones

http://www.loc.gov/law/help/regulation-of-drones/regulation-of-drones.pdf

Surveys the rules that apply to the operation of civilian drones in thirteen countries and the European Union including concerns about public safety, privacy, and national security. From the Law Library of Congress

 

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