Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Evolution of the Meaning of “Waters of the United States” in the Clean Water Act

Categories: Environment,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44585.pdf

Examines how widely to interpret the phrase “Waters of the U.S.” which has no clear definition in the Clean Water Act.  The Commerce Clause is cited as the constitutional basis for regulating water quality, but recent court decisions have cited limitations to that authority.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Strengthen Search Capabilities and Better Monitor

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Property Rights

http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/678149.pdf

Describes the challenges in identifying “prior art” (existing patents), describes how foreign patent offices have treated this problem, and reviews what the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is doing to resolve the challenges.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

Army Corps of Engineers v. Hawkes Co.

Categories: Environment,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-290

Unanimous Supreme Court decision that limits the ability of federal regulators to determine what land is protected by the Clean Water Act.  At issue in the case was whether companies could take the regulators to court without having to first seek expensive permits.  From the Legal Information Institute of Cornell University

 

2016 Special 301 Report

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Foreign Trade/Investment,Headlines,Property Rights,Treaties

https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/USTR-2016-Special-301-Report.pdf

Annual U.S.publication on the global state of intellectual property rights protection and enforcement.  Discusses areas of progress and countries, such as China, placed on the Watch List because of trade secret theft, online piracy, and counterfeiting.  From the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative

 

What’s on Television? The Intersection of Communications and Copyright Policies

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Laws/Regulations,Property Rights,Telecommunications/Internet

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44473.pdf

Reviews the evolution of programming since the 1950s, the regulatory structure that was created to protect property rights and promote competition, and whether that regulatory structure needs major changes in the age of online video distributors.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Cambridge University Press et al v. Georgia State University

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Education-Higher,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

http://policynotes.arl.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/DKT-No.-510-Order-dated-2016_03_31.pdf

Ruling of the Federal District Court for the Northern District of Georgia on the publisher lawsuit against Georgia State University over alleged copyright infringement relating to e-reserves.  Finds that 41 of the 48 cases were non-infringing fair uses.  From the Association of Research Libraries

 

The Making Available Right in the United States: A Report of the Register of Copyrights

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Property Rights,Treaties

http://copyright.gov/docs/making_available/making-available-right.pdf

Reports that current U.S. law provides the full scope of protection required by international treaties which empower copyright owners with the exclusive right to authorize on-demand transmission of their work to the public. Also provides historical context and legal background on how U.S. law implements the making available right. From the U.S. Copyright Office

 

Horne v. Department of Agriculture

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Headlines,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-275

8-1 Supreme Court decision that a Depression-era federal program that requires farmers to turn over a portion of their raisin crop  to support market prices is an unconstitutional taking of property.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

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