Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Global Implications of Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing

Categories: Climate Change,Crime/Justice,Environment,Food/Nutrition,Natural Resources,Treaties

https://www.dni.gov/files/documents/Newsroom/Reports%20and%20Pubs/NIC_White_Paper_on_IUU_Fishing.pdf

Defines the nature of illegal and unregulated fishing, describes the threat to legitimate fishing and ocean health posed by such activities, and prospects for alleviation of the problem through such actions as the Port State Measures Agreement that came into force in June 2016.  From the Office of the Director of National Intelligence

 

Sea-Level Rise and U.S. Coasts: Science and Policy Considerations

Categories: Climate Change,Environment,Headlines,Natural Resources,Science/Technology

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44632.pdf

Although the extent and pace of future sea-level rise remains uncertain, the phenomenon is expected to contribute to floods, erosion, saltwater intrusion into coastal freshwaters, and changes in coastal terrestrial and estuarine ecosystems.  Considers the causes, the effects on U.S. coasts, and the policy questions for Congress.   From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Presidential Proclamation, Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Expansion

Categories: Environment,Headlines,Natural Resources,Presidency

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/08/26/presidential-proclamation-papahanaumokuakea-marine-national-monument

Expands a National Monument area off the northwestern Hawaiian Islands to become the world’s largest marine protected area.  From the White House

 

 

Evolution of the Meaning of “Waters of the United States” in the Clean Water Act

Categories: Environment,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44585.pdf

Examines how widely to interpret the phrase “Waters of the U.S.” which has no clear definition in the Clean Water Act.  The Commerce Clause is cited as the constitutional basis for regulating water quality, but recent court decisions have cited limitations to that authority.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Ocean Noise Strategy Roadmap

Categories: Animals/Wildlife,Environment,Headlines,Natural Resources,Science/Technology

http://cetsound.noaa.gov/Assets/cetsound/documents/Roadmap/ONS_Draft_Roadmap_Complete_June1.pdf

Draft document on efforts to protect marine animals from rising levels of underwater noise created by human activities.  The noise levels lead to a reduced ability to navigate, find food and mates, avoid predators, and perform other critical functions.  Calls for an integrated approach to mitigating the effects of ocean noise over the next 10 years.  From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Commerce Department

 

Army Corps of Engineers v. Hawkes Co.

Categories: Environment,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/15-290

Unanimous Supreme Court decision that limits the ability of federal regulators to determine what land is protected by the Clean Water Act.  At issue in the case was whether companies could take the regulators to court without having to first seek expensive permits.  From the Legal Information Institute of Cornell University

 

Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Likely Impact on the U.S. Economy and on Specific Industry Sectors

https://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/pub4607.pdf

Required report (788 pages) to Congress and the President which provides an overview of the TPP agreement, findings as to the likely economy-wide effects, and specific sectoral effects.  These include food and agricultural products, manufactured goods, energy, and services.  From the U.S. International Trade Commission

 

EPA Releases Report Showing Nearly Half of Nation’s Wetlands in Good Health

Categories: Environment,Headlines,Natural Resources

https://www.epa.gov/newsreleases/epa-releases-report-showing-nearly-half-nations-wetlands-good-health

Press release about the first ever assessment of  the health of U.S. wetlands, part of a series of studies monitoring the condition of the nation’s waters.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

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