Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Monitoring of Contract Prisons

Categories: Crime/Justice,Headlines,Laws/Regulations

https://www.oig.justice.gov/reports/2016/e1606.pdf#page=1

Review of privately operated prisons which found that such so-called “contract prisons” had more safety and security incidents per capita than prisons operated by the federal government. Also found fault with the monitoring of contract prisons as to medical and correctional services by the Bureau of Prisons.  From the Office of the Inspector General of the Bureau of Prisons.

 

Federal Railroad Administration Status Update on Positive Train Control Implementation

Categories: Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology,Transportation

http://www.fra.dot.gov/Elib/Document/16634

Describes the importance of positive train control as a safety feature, the growing calls for implementing such a system over the past 40 years, and the current status of each railroad’s progress towards implementing a PTC system.

 

Changes in ACA Individual Market Costs from 2014-2015: Near-Zero Growth Suggests an Improving Risk Pool

Categories: Govt Finance,Health Insurance,Laws/Regulations,Medicare/Medicaid,Welfare/Social Services

https://www.cms.gov/CCIIO/Resources/Forms-Reports-and-Other-Resources/Downloads/Final-Risk-Pool-Analysis-8_11_16.pdf

Report which shows that “per-enrollee medical costs in the Affordable Care Act individual market were essentially unchanged in 2015, even as costs in the broader insurance market continued to rise.”  Argues that the program is becoming stronger by attracting more healthy, low-cost enrollees.  From the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

 

Methane: An Introduction to Emission Sources and Reduction Strategies

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Climate Change,Energy,Environment,Laws/Regulations,Waste Management

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43860.pdf

Covers emissions, historical trends, the source sectors (agriculture, fossil energies, and waste management), issues in measurement, cost-benefit considerations, and current issues for Congress.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles—Phase 2

Categories: Energy,Environment,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Statistics,Transportation

https://www3.epa.gov/otaq/climate/documents/2016-08-ghg-hd-final-rule-phase2-preamble.pdf

Text of final regulation on GHG emissions and fuel efficiency standards for medium to heavy duty engines and vehicles as prepared for publication in the Federal Register.  From the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

 

EPA and DOT Finalize Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Heavy-Duty Trucks

Categories: Energy,Environment,Headlines,Laws/Regulations,Statistics,Transportation

https://www.epa.gov/newsreleases/epa-and-dot-finalize-greenhouse-gas-and-fuel-efficiency-standards-heavy-duty-trucks-0

Agency press release on the approval of final regulations for limiting carbon pollution and improving fuel efficiency of medium and heavy duty vehicles.  The standards are said to provide $230 billion in net benefits to society.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2016

Categories: Foreign Trade/Investment,Guns,Laws/Regulations,Statistics

https://www.atf.gov/resource-center/docs/2016-firearms-commerce-united-states/download

A set of 13 statistical tables and charts on gun manufactures, exports and imports, types of weapons registered by state, actions on firearms license applications and more.  From the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives of the Justice Department

 

Evolution of the Meaning of “Waters of the United States” in the Clean Water Act

Categories: Environment,Laws/Regulations,Natural Resources,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44585.pdf

Examines how widely to interpret the phrase “Waters of the U.S.” which has no clear definition in the Clean Water Act.  The Commerce Clause is cited as the constitutional basis for regulating water quality, but recent court decisions have cited limitations to that authority.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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