Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Block Grants: Perspectives and Controversies

Categories: Federal State Relations,Food/Nutrition,Govt Processes/Organization,Medicare/Medicaid

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40486.pdf

Provides an overview of the six block grant types, the arguments for and against the use of block grants to achieve national goals, the historical role of block grants in American federalism, recent changes to existing grants, and proposals to create new ones. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During the Obama Presidency: Midyear Analysis and Comparison with Recent Presidents

Categories: Govt Processes/Organization,Presidency,Statistics,Supreme Court/courts

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43624.pdf

Provides a statistical analysis of nominations to U.S. circuit and district court judgeships, comparing the pace during the Obama administration with comparable periods of time for the Bush and Clinton presidencies.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

The National Science Foundation: Background and Selected Policy Issues

Categories: Govt Finance,Govt Processes/Organization,Science/Technology

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43585.pdf

Covers structural characteristics, leadership and staff, grant-making activities, and budget information among other topics.   From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Senate Rejections and Committee Votes Other than to Report Favorably, 1939-2013

Categories: Govt Processes/Organization,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40470.pdf

Describes the procedure for handling court nominations in the Senate and options for reporting or not reporting nominations from committee.  Also reports on the 19 court nominations which received other than a favorable vote from the Judiciary Committee or full Senate. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Iran: State Leads an Interagency Process to Determine Whether to Impose Sanctions under Section 5(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act

Categories: Arms Control,Govt Processes/Organization,Iran,Nuclear Arms

http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/663598.pdf

Describes the process that the State Department and other relevant federal agencies follow to determine whether to impose sanctions on Iran for its nuclear activities including criteria used and the role of the Office of Counterproliferation.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

Congress’s Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Categories: Congress,Govt Processes/Organization,Laws/Regulations

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34097.pdf

 

Examines the source of the contempt power, reviews the historical development of the case law, and analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas.  Also discusses two recent information-access disputes and limitations on the contempt power. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

The Debate over Selected Presidential Assistants and Advisors: Appointment, Accountability, and Congressional Oversight

Categories: Congress,Govt Processes/Organization,Laws/Regulations,Presidency

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40856.pdf

Provides background information and selected views on the role of some of these appointees.  Also discusses constitutional concerns that have been raised about presidential advisors and reviews the Congressional oversight process.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Who’s Overseeing Whom? The CIA, SSCI, and the Speech or Debate Clause

Categories: Govt Processes/Organization,Laws/Regulations

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/speech.html

Explores whether CIA searches of Congressional computers would amount to a violation of the Constitution by discussing limits the Constitution imposes on executive branch efforts to intrude upon legislative activities. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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