Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Effects of Hydrocarbon Extraction on Landscapes of the Appalachian Basin

Categories: Animals/Wildlife,Energy,Environment,Geology/Mining,Natural Resources,Transportation

Argues that shale-gas and other hydrocarbon mining activities can result in substantial landscape disturbance including the creation of wells, roads, pipelines, and related infrastructure across the Appalachian area. Such changes affect ecosystem function, and the health and distribution of plant and animal species. From the U.S. Geological Survey


Deep-Sea Mining

Categories: Environment,Geology/Mining,Great Britain,Laws/Regulations,Science/Technology,Treaties

Describes the mineral deposit types being considered by British planners, proposed extraction methods, potential environmental effects, mitigation options, and the legal framework governing such activity in international waters. From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology


A Conceptual Framework and Monitoring Strategy for Movement of Saltwater in the Coastal Plain Aquifer System of Virginia

Categories: Environment,Geology/Mining,Natural Resources,Virginia Issues

Synthesizes previous studies to provide an understanding of processes of saltwater to groundwater withdrawal in the Virginia Coastal Plain aquifer system. Monitoring of saltwater is needed to detect increases in chloride concentration before groundwater-production wells become contaminated. From the Geological Survey


Shear Wave Velocity and Site Amplification Factors for 25 Strong-Motion Instrument Stations Affected by the M5.8 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake of August 23, 2011

Categories: Geology/Mining,Statistics,Virginia Issues

Focuses on the measurement of the shear wave velocity of near-surface materials at 25 sites in the Mid-Atlantic region during the 2011 earthquake.  From the U.S. Geological Survey


An Earthquake History: Finding Faults in Virginia

Categories: Geology/Mining,Maps/Geography,Science/Technology,Virginia Issues,Weather/Disasters

Examines the history of earthquakes in Virginia and describes a project which attempts to map the state’s seismic zones.  From the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia


Virginia Offshore Oil and Gas Readiness Study

Categories: Energy,Geology/Mining,Virginia Issues$file/RD130.pdf

Evaluates Virginia’s potential to assume a leadership role in the exploration, development, and production of new petroleum resources.  From the Virginia Department of Minerals, Mines and Energy


Geochemical and Mineralogical Sampling of the Devonian Shales in the Broadtop Synclinorium, Appalachian Basin, in Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania

Categories: Energy,Geology/Mining,Virginia Issues

Reports results of geological tests in the cited states for the presence of shale gas deposits.  From the U.S. Geological Society


Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries, 2014

Categories: Geology/Mining,Labor/Employment,Manufacturing,Statistics

Labor productivity—output per hour—increased in three-quarters of detailed manufacturing and mining industries in 2014, higher than in 2013.  Unit labor costs declined in 53% of manufacturing industries and 75% of mining industries.  From the Bureau of Labor Statistics


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