Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Spending and Policy Options

Categories: Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,Income/Poverty,Marriage/Family,Welfare/Social Services,Women

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49887-TANF.pdf

Provides an overview of the TANF program, the purpose and amounts of federal and state spending, the work requirements for eligibility for cash assistance, and 12 options that Congress might consider in changing TANF.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

2012 Census of Governments: Finance—State and Local Government Summary Report

Categories: Federal State Relations,Financial Crisis/Markets,Govt Finance,Statistics,Taxes

http://www2.census.gov/govs/local/summary_report.pdf

Presents data on state and local government finances including revenue by source, expenditures by character and function, indebtedness by term, and cash and security holdings by purpose.  Leading causes for revenue declines were falling interest income and declines in value of employee retirement investments.  From the Census Bureau

 

Special Prosecutors: Investigations and Prosecutions of Police Use of Deadly Force

Categories: African Americans,Crime/Justice,Federal State Relations,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/specpro.pdf

Considers the need for and process by which special prosecutors would be brought into play to carry out investigations of police use of deadly force and whether such incidents should involve federal authorities.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Higher Education: State Funding Trends and Policies on Affordability

Categories: Education-Higher,Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,Prices/Inflation

http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667557.pdf

 

Examines changes in state financial support and tuition at public colleges over the past decade, how the federal government works with states to improve college affordability, and additional approaches that might be used.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

State Minimum Wages: An Overview

Categories: Federal State Relations,Income/Poverty,Laws/Regulations

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43792.pdf

Discusses the current federal minimum wage, how the federal rate compares with state rates, trends in state minimum wages, and mechanisms of adjustment used by the states.   From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Militarization of Law Enforcement and the Department of Defense’s “1033 Program.”

Categories: Crime/Justice,Defense/Military,Federal State Relations,Laws/Regulations

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/IN10138.pdf

Traces the recent history of militarizing police departments with the development of SWAT teams and the role of legislation which allows transfer of certain military equipment to local police departments.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Juvenile Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking

Categories: Children,Crime/Justice,Federal State Relations,Sex Issues,Youth

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43677.pdf

Discusses differences in federal and state approaches to crimes related to sex trafficking of juveniles and policy options which could improve the treatment of victims. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Block Grants: Perspectives and Controversies

Categories: Federal State Relations,Food/Nutrition,Govt Processes/Organization,Medicare/Medicaid

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40486.pdf

Provides an overview of the six block grant types, the arguments for and against the use of block grants to achieve national goals, the historical role of block grants in American federalism, recent changes to existing grants, and proposals to create new ones. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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