Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Categories: Congress,Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,History

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40638.pdf

Federal grants account for about one-third of total state funding and more than half of state funding for health care and public assistance.  This report provides a historical synopsis of the evolving nature of the federal grants-in-aid system with a focus on the role that Congress has played in the system’s scope and nature.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

Categories: Children,Federal State Relations,Health/Medical

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43899.pdf

 

Presents basic information about the disease, its history in the U.S., available treatments to prevent individuals from contracting measles, and the federal role in combatting measles. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

 

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Spending and Policy Options

Categories: Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,Income/Poverty,Marriage/Family,Welfare/Social Services,Women

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49887-TANF.pdf

Provides an overview of the TANF program, the purpose and amounts of federal and state spending, the work requirements for eligibility for cash assistance, and 12 options that Congress might consider in changing TANF.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

2012 Census of Governments: Finance—State and Local Government Summary Report

Categories: Federal State Relations,Financial Crisis/Markets,Govt Finance,Statistics,Taxes

http://www2.census.gov/govs/local/summary_report.pdf

Presents data on state and local government finances including revenue by source, expenditures by character and function, indebtedness by term, and cash and security holdings by purpose.  Leading causes for revenue declines were falling interest income and declines in value of employee retirement investments.  From the Census Bureau

 

Special Prosecutors: Investigations and Prosecutions of Police Use of Deadly Force

Categories: African Americans,Crime/Justice,Federal State Relations,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/specpro.pdf

Considers the need for and process by which special prosecutors would be brought into play to carry out investigations of police use of deadly force and whether such incidents should involve federal authorities.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Higher Education: State Funding Trends and Policies on Affordability

Categories: Education-Higher,Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,Prices/Inflation

http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667557.pdf

 

Examines changes in state financial support and tuition at public colleges over the past decade, how the federal government works with states to improve college affordability, and additional approaches that might be used.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

State Minimum Wages: An Overview

Categories: Federal State Relations,Income/Poverty,Laws/Regulations

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43792.pdf

Discusses the current federal minimum wage, how the federal rate compares with state rates, trends in state minimum wages, and mechanisms of adjustment used by the states.   From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Militarization of Law Enforcement and the Department of Defense’s “1033 Program.”

Categories: Crime/Justice,Defense/Military,Federal State Relations,Laws/Regulations

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/IN10138.pdf

Traces the recent history of militarizing police departments with the development of SWAT teams and the role of legislation which allows transfer of certain military equipment to local police departments.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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