Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Big Data: An Overview

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Great Britain,Laws/Regulations,Privacy,Science/Technology

http://www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/POST-PN-468.pdf

Examines definitions of big data, how it is managed, used, and regulated, and the public concerns that it generates.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Big Data, Crime, and Security

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Crime/Justice,Great Britain,Laws/Regulations,Privacy,Spying/Intelligence

http://www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/POST-PN-470.pdf

A British view of how “big data” applications are expanding opportunities and challenges for police and security agencies.  This report examines the use of data in three key areas: crime prevention, crime detection, and national security. Also covers regulatory issues, and public perceptions about privacy, civil liberties, and social benefits.  From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Telecommunications/Internet,United Nations,Women

http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002270/227025e.pdf

Examines progress in press freedom, media independence, and safety of journalists.  Also focuses on inclusion of women in the news media.  From UNESCO

 

The Voting Rights Act of 1965: Background and Overview

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Elections/Campaigns,Laws/Regulations,Supreme Court/courts

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43626.pdf

Reviews how Section 4 of the Act was struck down by the Supreme Court in June 2013 in the case of Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder.  Also provides background information on the historical circumstances that led to the adoption of the Act and  a summary of its major provisions. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Report on the Surveillance Program Operated Pursuant to Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Laws/Regulations,Privacy,Spying/Intelligence

http://www.pclob.gov/All%20Documents/Report%20on%20the%20Section%20702%20Program/PCLOB-Section-702-Report.pdf

Analyzes the Section 702 program’s development and operation, statutory basis, constitutional implications, and whether it strikes a proper balance between national security and privacy/civil liberties.   Includes recommendations for policy reform.  From the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board

 

Children and Armed Conflict [2013]: Report of the Secretary-General

Categories: Afghanistan,Africa,Children,Civil/Human Rights,Defense/Military,Syria,United Nations

http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=a/68/878

Covers 23 conflict situations mostly in Africa and the Middle East, and mistreatment of children by seven national armies and 50 armed groups.  From the United Nations

 

McCullen v. Coakley, Attorney General of Massachusetts

Categories: Abortion/Contraception,Civil/Human Rights,Headlines,Supreme Court/courts

http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/pdf/12-1168.pdf

Unanimous Supreme Court decision that a Massachusetts law, which set up a buffer zone between protestors and the entrance to abortion clinics, is an unconstitutional restriction on protestors’ rights. From the Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute

 

 

El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,Drug Trafficking,Immigration/Migration,Income/Poverty,Latin America

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R43616.pdf

Examines current political, economic, social, and human rights conditions in El Salvador.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

 

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