Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Teen Birth Rates for Urban and Rural Areas in the United States, 2007-2015

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Births/Deaths,Health/Medical,Statistics,Urban Issues,Youth

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db264.pdf

Though birth rates declined for teens in both rural and urban areas, the teen birth rate was lowest in large urban counties and highest in rural counties.  From the National Center for Health Statistics

 

Preventing Illicit Drug Use: Highlights of a Forum

Categories: Alcohol/Drug Abuse,Births/Deaths,Health/Medical

http://www.gao.gov/assets/690/680989.pdf

47,000 people died of drug overdoses in the U.S. in 2014, the highest toll ever recorded.  This report highlights key ideas for preventing drug use and for reducing the number of opioid prescriptions. From the Government Accountability Office

 

Vital Signs: Disparities in Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality—United States, 2004-2013

Categories: Births/Deaths,Headlines,Health/Medical,Smoking/Tobacco,Statistics

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544a3.htm?s_cid=mm6544a3_w

Reviews the decline of cancer mortality in the U.S. over the designated decade, the relationship between smoking and cancer, and the disparity in exposure to the risk of cancer among different population groups.  From Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, November 11, 2016 of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

Cause of Fetal Death: Data from the Fetal Death Report, 2014

Categories: Births/Deaths,Health/Medical,Statistics

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_07.pdf

Finds that five causes account for about 90% of fetal deaths.  Presents data on cause of death by characteristics such as maternal age, fetal sex, race/Hispanic origin, period of gestation, and birthweight.  From the National Center for Health Statistics

 

Opioid Addiction: Laws, Regulations, and Other Factors Can Affect Medication-Assisted Treatment Access

Categories: Alcohol/Drug Abuse,Births/Deaths,Health/Medical

http://www.gao.gov/assets/690/680050.pdf

The Centers for Disease Control recorded 28,000 deaths from opioid overdoses in 2014.  This report examines how federal laws/regulations apply to the treatment of opioid addiction with medications compared to using the same medications for pain management.  Also looks at key factors that affect access to MAT for opioid addiction.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

Early Estimate of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities for the First Half (Jan-Jun) of 2016

Categories: Births/Deaths,Headlines,Statistics,Traffic Accidents,Transportation

https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812332

Projects that an estimated 17,700 people died in U.S. traffic accidents in the first half of 2016, an increase of 10.4% over the comparable time period in 2015.  The fact sheet points to the additional miles traveled, during a period of reduced gas prices, as a cause for the increase.  From the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

 

Continued Declines in Teen Births in the United States, 2015

Categories: Births/Deaths,Children,Health/Medical,Statistics,Women

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db259.pdf

Despite the fact that the teen birth rate has fallen continuously since 1991 in the U.S., teen birth rates continue to vary considerably by race and ethnicity, and U.S. teen birth rates remain higher than in other industrialized countries.  This report presents recent and long-term trends and disparities in teen childbearing by race and Hispanic origin.  From the National Center for Health Statistics

 

Variation in the Rate of Cesarean Section Across U.S. Hospitals, 2013

Categories: Births/Deaths,Health/Medical,Prices/Inflation,Statistics

http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb211-Hospital-Variation-C-sections-2013.pdf

Nearly a third of all births in the U.S. continue to be delivered by C-section.  Due to cost factors, reducing the number of C-sections continues to be an important public health focus.  This report presents details on variation in the rate of total and low-risk C-sections among U.S. hospitals in 2013.  From the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

 

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