Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Herbicide Resistance

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Great Britain,Science/Technology

http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/POST-PN-0501#fullreport

Resistance to the use of herbicides has the potential to reduce crop yields.  The UK government commitment to increase crop yields will require the development of alternative crop protection methods.  This note outlines the challenges of herbicide resistance and possible approaches to alternative weed-control strategies.   From the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology

 

Agricultural Productivity Growth in the United States: Measurements, Trends, and Drivers

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,History,Labor/Employment,Statistics

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1875389/err189.pdf

U.S. agricultural output more than doubled between 1948 and 2011, with growth averaging 1.49% per year.  This report looks at the factors behind that growth and whether such growth is expected to continue.  From the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

 

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Cuba: Current Limitations and Future Prospects

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Cuba,Foreign Trade/Investment

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R44119.pdf

Looks at the prospects for expanded trade in agricultural products with Cuba and the potential threat to fruit and vegetable growers in Florida from Cuban products subsidized by the government.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

U.S.-Cuba Agricultural Trade: Past, Present, and Possible Future

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Cuba,Foreign Trade/Investment,Statistics

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1856299/aes87.pdf

Foresees more normal relations between U.S. and Cuba leading to expanded U.S. agricultural exports to Cuba.   From the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

 

Improving the Assessment of SNAP Targeting Using Administrative Records

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Food/Nutrition,Income/Poverty,Statistics,Welfare/Social Services

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1844884/err186.pdf

This study assesses the extent to which the food nutrition program, formerly known as Food Stamps, reaches the poorest households by estimating benefit receipt by annual household income relative to poverty.  From the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

 

International Food Security Assessment, 2015-2025

Categories: Africa,Agriculture/Rural Issues,Food/Nutrition,Income/Poverty

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1860276/gfa26.pdf

Expects food security in the 76 low- and middle-income countries to improve between 2014 and 2015 but to deteriorate toward 2025.  Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to remain the most food-insecure region in the world. From the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

 

Horne v. Department of Agriculture

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Headlines,Property Rights,Supreme Court/courts

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/14-275

8-1 Supreme Court decision that a Depression-era federal program that requires farmers to turn over a portion of their raisin crop  to support market prices is an unconstitutional taking of property.  From the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School

 

Climate Change in the United States: Benefits of Global Action

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Climate Change,Energy,Environment,Headlines,Health/Medical,Natural Resources

http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/cirareport.pdf

Estimates the physical and monetary benefits to the U.S. of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.  Summarizes results from a five-year, peer-reviewed analysis, the Climate Change Impacts and Risks Analysis (CIRA) project.  Predicts that a global agreement to cut ghg emissions would prevent nearly 70,000 premature American deaths by the end of the 21st century.  From the Environmental Protection Agency

 

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