Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

2015 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2015/index.htm

The annual report, now in its 40th year, on the status of human rights conditions in 199 countries and territories around the world.  Each country report follows a standard format with sections devoted to civil liberties, political freedoms, corruption in government, human trafficking, and worker rights.  From the State Department

 

Corporate Income Tax: Most Large Profitable U.S. Corporations Paid Tax but Effective Tax Rates Differed Significantly from the Statutory Rate

Categories: Business/Economics,Govt Finance,Taxes

http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/675844.pdf

Examines the extent to which U.S. corporations pay federal income tax, the percentage that had no federal tax liability, and the average effective tax rate based on financial statement reporting. From the Government Accountability Office

 

U. S. Carbon Dioxide Emission Trends and the Role of the Clean Power Plan

Categories: Climate Change,Energy,Environment,Laws/Regulations

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44451.pdf

Discusses an EPA regulation, known as the Clean Power Plan, which is designed to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emission levels from existing electric power plants.  Recently such emissions have dropped due primarily to a decrease in coal’s contribution and an increase in natural gas’s contribution to electricity generation.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Presidential Transition Act: Provisions and Funding

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Govt Processes/Organization,Laws/Regulations,Presidency

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS22979.pdf

Discusses the responsibilities and obligations under the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 of the outgoing administration and the presidential candidates in establishing transition structures.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

(elections/campaigns     govt processes/organization     laws/regulations     presidency)

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Comparison of Selected Programs in the United States and Foreign Countries

Categories: Govt Finance,Terrorism

http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/676499.pdf

Compares the structures of and the role of governments in selected foreign terrorism insurance programs and examines the loss-sharing arrangements between the government and the private sector.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

The Congressional Budget Office’s Work in 2015: A Report to Congress

Categories: Congress,Govt Finance,Statistics

https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/114th-congress-2015-2016/reports/51290-CBO_Work_2015.pdf

Describes what the agency was created to do and what it accomplished during the past year including more than 90 analytic reports and working papers.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

Pakistan after the Lahore Bombing: Shaping the Security Response

Categories: Pakistan,Terrorism

http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/PB203-Pakistan-After-the-Lahore-Bombing-Shaping-the-Security-Response.pdf

Discusses the response to the Lahore bombing and the friction between the Pakistani military and civilian authorities over the appropriate response.  From the United States Institute of Peace.

 

CDC Concludes Zika Causes Microcephaly and Other Birth Defects

Categories: Births/Deaths,Headlines,Health/Medical

http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/s0413-zika-microcephaly.html

Press release which announces conclusion, after review of evidence, that the Zika virus is a cause of severe fetal brain defects including microcephaly.  Unfortunately, the full report, prepared at taxpayer expense, is released in a commercial journal, the New England Journal of Medicine.  The press release provides a brief overview.  From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention