Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Genetic Testing: Background and Policy Issues

Categories: Health/Medical,Science/Technology

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33832.pdf

Provides background information to be considered in weighing public policy matters related to genetic testing including definitions, the type of information genetic tests provide, and evaluating the results of genetic tests.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Full-Time, Year-Round Workers and Median Earnings in the Past 12 Months by Sex and Detailed Occupation: 2013

Categories: Income/Poverty,Labor/Employment,Statistics,Women

http://www.census.gov/people/io/files/Median%20earnings%20by%20occupation%20031015.xlsx

Statistical table which shows median earnings for men and women by detailed occupational categories with an additional column showing women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s for that job category.  From the Census Bureau

 

Reprocessing Medical Devices in Health Care Settings: Validation Methods and Labeling Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff

Categories: Consumer Info/Protection,Health/Medical,Laws/Regulations

http://www.fda.gov/downloads/MedicalDevices/DeviceRegulationandGuidance/GuidanceDocuments/UCM253010.pdf

New guidance documents to enhance the safety of reusable medical devices and prevent the spread of infectious agents.  Follows an outbreak of infections traced to reused duodenoscopes.  From the Food and Drug Administration

 

Higher Education, Wages, and Polarization

Categories: Education-Higher,Income/Poverty

http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2015/january/wages-education-college-labor-earnings-income/

Finds one cause for growing labor market polarization in the wage gap between those with bachelors’ degrees and those with graduate degrees.  From the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

 

Preserving the Navy’s Forward Presence with a Smaller Fleet

Categories: Defense/Military,Govt Finance

https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49989-ForwardPresence_0.pdf

Proposes options for how the Navy could maintain a forward presence similar to the current one with future smaller budgets through deploying ships for longer periods, basing more ships and crews overseas, and assigning multiple crews to some ships to allow for longer deployments.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

Budgetary and Economic Outcomes Under Paths for Federal Revenues and Noninterest Spending Specified by Chairman Price, March 2015

Categories: Business/Economics,Govt Finance,Taxes

https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49977-PriceBudgetResolution.pdf

The projections in this report represent an assessment of how federal debt and economic output would evolve from 2016 to 2040 under paths for revenue and noninterest spending proposed by Tom Price, the chair of the House Budget Committee.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

The Effects of Potential Cuts in SNAP Spending on Households with Different Amounts of Income

Categories: Food/Nutrition,Govt Finance,Welfare/Social Services

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/49978-SNAP.pdf

In an average month in FY2014, 47 million people or one in seven U.S. residents received federal food benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.  This report examines several options for reducing spending for the program as demanded by some in Congress and the potential effects on households of varying incomes.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Categories: Congress,Federal State Relations,Govt Finance,History

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40638.pdf

Federal grants account for about one-third of total state funding and more than half of state funding for health care and public assistance.  This report provides a historical synopsis of the evolving nature of the federal grants-in-aid system with a focus on the role that Congress has played in the system’s scope and nature.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

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