Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Market Efficiency and the U.S. Market for Sulfur Dioxide Allowances

Categories: Energy,Environment,Prices/Inflation

http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/45044-SO2MarketAnalysis.pdf

Using the market for sulfur dioxide allowances, this study looks at whether allowance prices  did or did not reflect marginal abatement costs, and at how price volatility could be reduced.  From the Congressional Budget Office

 

The Surprisingly Swift Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment

Categories: China,Foreign Trade/Investment,Labor/Employment,Manufacturing,Statistics

http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201404/201404pap.pdf

Explores the link between the sharp drop in U.S. manufacturing employment beginning in 2001 and  a change in U.S. trade policy that eliminated potential tariff increases on Chinese imports.  From the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve

 

Union Members 2013

Categories: Labor Unions,Labor/Employment,Statistics

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf

Reports that the rate of workers who were members of unions held steady at 11.3% of the American work force in 2013, the same as in 2012.  The rate of union membership for public sector workers was 34% compared to 6.7% for private sector workers.  Also covers characteristics of union members, earnings, and union membership by state.  From the Bureau of Labor Statistics

 

Widespread Growth Across Industries in 2012: Revised Statistics of Gross Domestic Product by Industry for 1997-2012

Categories: Business/Economics,Manufacturing,Statistics

http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/industry/gdpindustry/2014/pdf/gdpind12_rev.pdf

Provides new and expanded statistics on industry sources of U.S. economic growth in 2012.  20 of 22 industry groups contributed to the 2.8% increase in real GDP.  From the Bureau of Economic Analysis

 

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Categories: Defense/Military,European Union,Foreign Trade/Investment

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21372.pdf

Covers what the union is, how it works, what its chief organs are, how foreign, trade, and defense policy are conducted, and its relationship with the U.S.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

Categories: China,Copyright/Patents,Foreign Trade/Investment,Treaties

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42882.pdf

Updates trade and finance issues facing Congress such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, disagreements with China over fair trade issues, export controls, intellectual property issues, and more.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Overview of the Federal Tax System

Categories: Business/Economics,Govt Finance,Statistics,Taxes

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32808.pdf

Describes the structure of the federal tax system, provides statistics on taxes including the distribution of the tax burden across income classes, and analyzes important tax concepts such as tax expenditures, capital gains taxes, the marriage tax penalty, and the effect of taxes on competitiveness questions. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Categories: Govt Finance,Laws/Regulations,Statistics

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34424.pdf

Growth of entitlement spending has resulted in a shrinking of discretionary spending.  The latter fell from 67% of total federal outlays in 1962 to 35% in 2013.  Under current law, discretionary spending would fall to 5% of the federal outlays by 2023.  This report looks at categories of spending, limits imposed on discretionary spending by Congress, and the link between national priorities and discretionary spending. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists