Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Electricity: Significant Changes are Expected in Coal-Fueled Generation, but Coal is Likely to Remain a Key Fuel Source

Categories: Climate Change,Energy,Geology/Mining,Health/Medical

http://www.gao.gov/assets/650/649744.pdf

Due to market factors and health/environmental concerns, the use of coal to generate electricity is expected to drop (in 2011, coal-fueled units generated 42% of U.S. electricity).  This report examines the future of coal-fueled electricity-generating units and factors that could affect its decline.  From the Government Accountability Office

 

The President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Categories: Govt Processes/Organization,Science/Technology

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34736.pdf

Discusses what the office does and current issues of interest to Congress, especially whether to increase the authority and prominence of the science advisor.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Gangs in Central America

Categories: Crime/Justice,Drug Trafficking,Latin America

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34112.pdf

Describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR): Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Categories: Govt Procurement,Laws/Regulations

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42826.pdf

FAR is a regulation which governs the acquisition of goods and services by executive branch agencies.  This report discusses the origin, content, and regulatory reach of FAR.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Update on Controlling Greenhouse Gases from International Aviation

Categories: Climate Change,Environment,European Union,Transportation

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42828.pdf

Discusses the impasse between the European Union and other countries, especially the U.S., over EU regulations to control greenhouse gas emissions from international flights through an Emissions Trading Scheme.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Congressional Redistricting: An Overview

Categories: Congress,Elections/Campaigns,Govt Processes/Organization,Population/Census

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42831.pdf

Discusses the difference between apportionment and redistricting, the respective roles of federal law and state legislatures, and proposals for reform of the process.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Categories: Foreign Assistance,Govt Finance,History

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42827.pdf

With looming budget cuts, all federal programs are expected to show their effectiveness to retain funding.  This report discusses the history of efforts to evaluate foreign assistance programs, the challenges for such evaluation efforts, and current agency evaluation policies.  From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists