Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Report of the Acquisition Advisory Panel to the Office of Federal Procurement and the U.S. Congress

Categories: Govt Finance,Govt Processes/Organization

http://acquisition.gov/comp/aap/draftfinalreport.html

Reports that one-third of the annual acquisition spending by the federal government is not competitively bid and that 20% of those that were bid received only one bid. Also reports that the federal government spends more than 60% of its procurement dollars on services rather than products. From the Executive Office of the President

Teen Drug Use Continues Down in 2006 … But Use of Prescription-Type Drugs Remains High

Categories: Alcohol/Drug Abuse,Youth

http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/06drugpr_complete.pdf

The percentage of U.S. adolescents who use illicit drugs or drink alcohol continued a decade-long drop in 2006. Use of marijuana and methamphetamines declined. Use of prescription-type drugs such as tranquilizers and sedatives remains at relatively high levels. From the Monitoring the Future Studies sponsored by the National Institute of Drug Abuse and the University of Michigan.

Hurricane Katrina: A Nation Still Unprepared

Categories: Homeland Security,Weather/Disasters

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/creports/katrinanation.html

Offers details about the extent of the storm damage and the inability of the government to provide timely assistance, even after all the post 9/11 planning for emergency response. From the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Categories: Environment,Homeland Security,Immigration/Migration

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33659.pdf

Reviews the recent history of creating barriers, especially in the San Diego area, for border security and the mixed results of such efforts. Considers policy issues for Congress relating to border fencing including costs versus benefits, design, environmental impact, and potential diplomatic ramifications. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

Radioactive Waste Streams: Waste Classification for Disposal

Categories: Nuclear Arms,Nuclear Energy,Waste Management

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32163.pdf

Examines the different types of radioactive wastes, the different processes that produce them, and the agencies and regulatory instruments that are responsible for managing the wastes. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

Foreign Students in the United States: Policies and Legislation

Categories: Education-Higher,Homeland Security,Immigration/Migration,Mathematics,Science/Technology

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL31146.pdf

Examines the controversy relating to admission of foreign students, especially those pursuing graduate studies in science, technology, mathematics and engineering, since the 9/11 attacks. Weighs the homeland security concerns of some against the competitiveness concerns of universities. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women: Congressional Issues

Categories: Civil/Human Rights,United Nations,Women

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33652.pdf

The UN Convention was presented to the Senate by President Carter in 1980 and never ratified. This report provides background on convention developments, including U.S. policy and congressional actions, and considers the arguments for and against ratification. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

The WTO, Intellectual Property Rights, and the Access to Medicines Controversy

Categories: Copyright/Patents,Foreign Trade/Investment,Health/Medical,United Nations

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33750.pdf

Examines the controversy surrounding access to certain life-sustaining medicines in developing countries suffering from HIV/AIDs epidemics, the intellectual property rights of pharmaceutical companies in developed countries, and the licensing role of the World Trade Organization. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by the Federation of American Scientists.

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