Government Information

Earl Gregg Swem Library

Value-Added Tax: A New U.S. Revenue Source?

Categories: Taxes

http://opencrs.cdt.org/rpts/RL33619_20060822.pdf

Some form of a broad-based consumption tax has been frequently mentioned as a full or partial replacement for the income tax system. This report explains what a value added tax is, how it works, and its advantages and disadvantages. Also includes a section on VAT rates by country. From the Congressional Research Service, posted by Open CRS.org.

Opportunities and Challenges in Agricultural Biotechnology: The Decade Ahead

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Science/Technology

http://www.usda.gov/documents/final_main_report-v6.pdf

Reviews developments in agricultural biotechnology over the past ten years, offers predictions for the next decade, and, under the category, Topics for Discussion, offers concise information and guidance to Agriculture Department policymakers about matters of controversy. From the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture.

PAC Financial Activity Increases

Categories: Elections/Campaigns,Statistics

http://www.fec.gov/press/press2006/20060828pac/20060830pac.html

Press release and accompanying data tables on the money raised and contributions made to candidates for federal offices by political action committees. Reports that PACs raised $773 million and contributed $248 million to candidates between January 1 and June 30, 2006. Contributions to candidates were 21% higher than at this point in the 2004 election cycle. From the Federal Election Commission.

Annual Superfund Report to Congress for Fiscal Year 2005

Categories: Environment,Waste Management

http://www.epa.gov/oigearth/reports/2006/20060830-EPA-350-R-06-002.pdf

Annual required report to Congress from EPA on financial management and progress made in program that tries to clean up the most hazardous waste sites in the country. From the Office of the Inspector General of the Environmental Protection Agency.

Rural America at a Glance: 2006

Categories: Agriculture/Rural Issues,Statistics

http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/eib18/

Offers recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing programs of assistance. From the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Agriculture Department.

Survey of Anticorruption Programs Embassy Baghdad, Iraq

Categories: Govt/Business Scandals,Iraq

http://oig.state.gov/documents/organization/71735.pdf

Describes the approach of U.S. policy officials in trying to reduce corruption in Iraq, which has been identified as the 21st most corrupt country among 158 surveyed by a nongovernment organization. From the State Department.

State Court Organization, 2004

Categories: Crime/Justice,Statistics

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/sco04.htm

Presents detailed comparative data by state trial and appellate courts. Topics covered include the number of courts and judges, governance of court systems, jury qualifications, and sentencing procedures for criminal cases. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Federal Criminal Justice Trends, 2003

Categories: Alcohol/Drug Abuse,Crime/Justice,Statistics

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/fcjt03.htm

Presents data on federal criminal justice trends from 1994-2003. Drug cases remained the most prevalent offense across the ten year period. Covers number arrested, number of persons detained prior to trial, number of defendants in cases filed, convicted, and sentenced, and number of offenders under federal correctional supervision. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

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